Paige M. Schmidt

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
9014 E. 21st Street, Tulsa, OK 74129
Phone: 918- 382-4509

“Designing a monitoring project is like getting a tattoo: you want to get it right the first time because making major changes later can be messy and
painful.”  Oakley et al. WSB 2003

Oklahoma: Deep Fork NWR , Little River NWR , Ozark Plateau NWR, Salt Plains NWR, Sequoyah NWR, Tishomingo NWR, Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge;Texas: Hagerman NWR

Landscape Conservation Cooperatives:
Great Plains LCC, Gulf Coastal Plains and Ozarks LCC, Gulf Coast Prairie LCC

Current Projects:

Integrating Waterfowl Management and Monitoring at Sequoyah NWR consists of 3 concurrent processes currently in development: a landscape analysis to determine waterfowl habitat availability, monitoring response of waterfowl habitat to management, and determining the response of waterfowl populations to changes in habitat availability within and surrounding the refuge.  This information can be used to guide management decisions and to determine if management actions on Sequoyah improve the alignment between waterfowl habitat needs and availability on the landscape. This approach will be tailored for implementation at other refuges throughout the region. (with Div. Migratory Bird Management, ODWC)

Forest habitat management and monitoring for Eastern Oklahoma and Texas: Our objective is to evaluate the effect of silviculture treatments on bottomland hardwood forests and the response of the neotropical migratory bird community at Little River NWR. Our analysis will allow us to determine if the established monitoring effort is sufficient to detect and track responses in the habitat and bird communities attributable to forest management. This effort will serve as the basis to expand forest monitoring to refuges throughout eastern Oklahoma and Texas. (with USFS, OFS, ODWC, private landowners)

White-tailed deer population status and response to refuge hunt programs: White-tail deer harvest, health, and population (e.g., density, sex ratio) data will be used to determine the current population size and evaluate the refuge hunt programs by determining if the timing, duration, number of permits, and sexes harvested are sufficient to maintain a healthy deer herd, a stable sex ratio, and prevent habitat degradation from over-population.

Annual monitoring of Ozark big-eared bats at essential caves: Use of visual and infrared videography counts to document population changes, to identify period, time of use, and importance of maternity and hibernacula sites, as well as, response to annual climatic variation and climate change. This information will be used to determine effectiveness of management and fulfillment of Ozark Plateau NWR’s purpose. (with ODWC, USFS, USGS, Cherokee Nation, NPS, City of Tulsa, NRCS, The Nature Conservancy, Land Legacy Fund, National Speleological Society, Tulsa Regional Oklahoma Grotto)

Previous Projects:
I have worked in several aspects of natural resource management and conservation including education, land stewardship, research, planning and policy implementation, as well as program development. My work has emphasized applied research (e.g., feral cat management: Schmidt et al. 2007, 2008, 2009; prescribed fire implementation: Schmidt 2009; and predator control: LaFever et al. 2008, Schmidt 2009, Schmidt et al. 2010) and monitoring programs used to inform decision-making processes structured to assess alternative actions in light of technical knowledge, information gaps, and public opinion. This research utilized population and ecosystem modeling (e.g., Schmidt et al. 2009, LaFever et al. 2008, Schmidt 2009), population estimation (e.g., Schmidt et al. 2007, 2011), and landscape analysis (e.g., Schmidt et al. 2011) for invasive and native mammals, including endangered species and their habitats.

Ph.D., 2009, Texas A&M University, Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences
M.S., 2006, Texas A&M University, Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences
B.S., 2000, University of Central Oklahoma, Biology

Scientific Interests:
The Wildlife Society: Native Peoples Wildlife Management Working Group, Wildlife Damage Management Working Group , Oklahoma Chapter

Other interests:
Spending time with the people I love, any activity outside; running, mountain biking, hiking, camping/backpacking; gardening; travel; music; yoga.


DeVault, T. L., P. M. Schmidt, F. E. Pogmore, J. Gobeille, J. L. Bellant, and T. W. Seamans. Influence of egg oiling on colony fidelity of ring-billed gulls. In press at Human-Wildlife Interactions.

S. A. Gauthreaux and P. M. Schmidt. 2013. Application of radar technology to monitor hazardous birds at airports. Pages 141 – 151 In T. L. DeVault, B. F. Blackwell, and J. L. Belant, editors. Wildlife in Airport  Environments: Preventing Animal-Aircraft Collisions through Science-based Management. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD, USA.

Martin, J. A., T. J. Conkling, J. L. Belant, K. M. Bondi, B. F. Blackwell, T. L. DeVault, E. Fernandez-Juricic, P. M. Schmidt, and T. W. Seamans. 2013. Wildlife conservation and alternative land uses at airports. Pages 117 – 125 In T. L. DeVault, B. F. Blackwell, and J. L. Belant, editors. Wildlife in Airport  Environments: Preventing Animal-Aircraft Collisions through Science-based Management.  Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD, USA.

Blackwell, B. F., P. M. Schmidt, and J.A. Martin. 2013. Avian survey methods for use on airports. Pages 153 – 165 In T. L. DeVault, B. F. Blackwell, and J. L. Belant, editors. Wildlife in Airport  Environments: Preventing Animal-Aircraft Collisions through Science-based Management.  Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD, USA.

Schmidt, J. A., B. E. Washburn, T. L. DeVault, T. W. Seamans, and P. M. Schmidt. 2013. Do native warm-season grasslands near airports increase bird strike hazards? American Midland Naturalist 170:144 – 157. get pdf

Blackwell, B. F., T. W. Seamans, P. M. Schmidt, E. Fernandez-Juricic, T. L. DeVault, J. L. Belant, M. J. Whittingham, and J. Martin. 2013. A framework for managing airport grasslands and birds amidst conflicting priorities. Ibis 155:189 – 193. get pdf

Schmidt, J. A., R. A. McCleery, J. R. Seavey, S. E. Cameron Devitt, and P. M. Schmidt. 2012. Impacts of a half century of sea-level rise and development on an endangered mammal. Global Change Biology 18:3536 – 3542. get pdf

Schmidt, P. M., R. A. McCleery, R. R. Lopez, N. J. Silvy, J. A. Schmidt, N. D. Perry. 2011. Influence of patch, habitat, and landscape characteristics on patterns of Lower Keys marsh rabbit occurrence following Hurricane Wilma. Landscape Ecology 26:1419–1431. get pdf

Schmidt, J. A., R. A. McCleery, N. J. Silvy, R. R. Lopez, and P. M. Schmidt. 2011. Population estimation and monitoring of an endangered lagomorph. Journal of Wildlife Management 75:151–158. get pdf

Schmidt, P. M. and H. Stricker. 2010. What tradition teaches: indigenous knowledge compliments western wildlife science. The Wildlife Professional 4(4):40–44. get pdf

Schmidt, P. M. , R. A. McCleery, R. R. Lopez, N. J. Silvy, and J. A. Schmidt. 2010. Habitat succession, ha3 rdwood encroachment and raccoons as limiting factors for Lower Keys marsh rabbits. Biological Conservation 143:2703–2710. get pdf

Schmidt, P. M. and M. J. Peterson. 2009. Biodiversity conservation and indigenous land management in the era of self-determination. Conservation Biology 23:1458–1466. get pdf

Schmidt, P. M. , T. M. Swannack, R. R. Lopez, and M. R. Slater. 2009. Use of population models to assess euthanasia and trap-neuter-release (TNR) programs to manage free-roaming cat populations. Wildlife Research 36:117–125. get pdf

LaFever, D. H., P. M. Schmidt, N. D. Perry, C. A. Faulhaber, R. R. Lopez, N. J. Silvy, and E. A. Forys. 2008. Use of a population viability analysis to evaluate human induced impacts and mitigation for the endangered Lower Keys marsh rabbit. Human-Wildlife Conflicts 2:260–269. get pdf

Schmidt, P. M. 2008. Public participation in environmental planning and decision making by tribal governments: a case study of the Citizen Potawatomi Nation. Pages 25-34 in Communication at the Intersection of Nature and Culture. Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Conference on Communication and the Environment. get pdf

Schmidt, P. M. , R. R. Lopez, and B. L. Pierce. 2007. Estimating free-roaming cat densities in urban areas: comparison of mark-resight and distance sampling. Wildlife Biology in Practice 3(1):18–27. get pdf

Schmidt, P. M. , R. R. Lopez, and B. A. Collier. 2007. Survival, fecundity, annual ranges and movements of free-roaming cats. Journal of Wildlife Management. 71(2): 915–919. get pdf

2 thoughts on “Paige M. Schmidt

  1. “Understanding the roles of monitoring in an informed
    conservation process helps to guide the design of monitoring
    programs. Monitoring data are not gathered with a vague
    hope that somehow they will prove useful for conservation.
    Instead, monitoring focuses on precisely the information
    needed to make conservation decisions” (Nichols and Williams 2006).

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